System of government: republic
State organisation: 13 regions, 51 counties and 1 autonomous state (Mt.Athos)
Area: 131 944 km2
Population: 10 722 816 (2008)
Capital: Athínai/Athens (pop. 3 097 000)
Other major cities: Solún (pop. 378 000), Pireus (pop. 170 000), Patras (pop. 155 000)
Highest point: Olymp, 2 911 m
Important rivers: Strymón
Official language: Modern Greek language, so-called language of the people or Dimotiki
Currency: Euro
Neighbouring countries: Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey
Public holiday: March 25 (revolution against the Turks starts in 1821)
Religion: Greek orthodox church (98 %), Islam (2 %)

Ethnic groups: Greek (95%), Macedonians (1%), Turks (1%), Gypsies (1%), others (2%)
Time zone:
Slovakia +1 hour
International code of Greece: GR
Internet domain: .gr
Calling code: +30
Electricity: 220 V
Documents and visa: passport or ID card
Embassy of the Slovak Republic in Greece:
Embassy of the Slovak Republic
4 Georgiu Seferis, Paleo Psychico, 154 52 Athens
Tel: 0030 210 6771 980
Fax: 0030 210/6771 878

Exotic in the cradle of European culture


Diversity of Greece comes out not only from their history that has been formed by different nations, but also from an interesting geographical location. While the island part of the country consists of a vast number of islands reaching up to the shores of Turkey, the continental part of Greece consists of the Peloponnese and the Balkan Peninsulas. Whether on the mainland or in the sea waters, all the hidden coves of Greece have much to offer. The Island of Santorini takes breath with its fascinating Caldera view created by an awesome volcanic explosion. Kefalonia, the largest amongst the Ionian Islands, will try to allure you with its mysterious bottomless lake and sea mills. And the region of Messinia with its superb golf courses under its mythical mountains will persuade the visitors that holiday in Greece can be interesting even without the traditional sightseeing tours around the crowded monuments.    

There is no need to worry about rainy weather when planning your trips. About 80 % of Greek´s rain falls between November and March. Therefore the tourists can enjoy the sunshine during the summer season. Avoid shopping and enjoy some relax in time of siesta when the sun´s rays are strongest. Otherwise, you might experience disappointment as most of the shops will be closed. However, it goes with the Mediterranean lifestyle as well as the olive oil with Mediterranean cuisine.On the occasion of some culinary experiences you must definitely taste the original Greek yogurt with some freshly picked grapes.  

It wouldn´t be a proper southern country, if the Mediterranean temperament wasn´t reflected in the behaviour of its local people. The locals are very sociable and of hospitable nature. When you visit them with your children, they surely won´t mind. You might be given one of their typical souvenirs so that you can take home happy memories of the beautiful atmosphere in their country. Aromatic herbs of Ouzo anise liqueur will delight your senses whilst you admire the quality and beautiful detail of some fine leather handbag or a belt, produced by local craftsmen.